Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.[eight]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of Some others from your Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim Click here jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time involved the latter to be a major. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of short dress leading more than shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas might these days make reference to Females's mixture daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.